• Sumerian and Egyptian Civilization - HY 101 - UA - …
  • The Egyptian Old Kingdom, Sumer and Akkad
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Next, we learn about the beginning of civilizations, which started with Mesopotamia but later moved into Egypt and other places....

The origin of primitive writing systems

Ziggurat of Ur (article) | Sumerian | Khan Academy

 Other professions in Egyptian civilization were: sailors, soldiers, craftsmen and merchants.
The Akkadians later became known as Babylonians. The Babylonians considered themselves to be the inheritors of the Sumerian civilization. They adopted Sumerian history as their own. They worshiped many of the same gods (though under different names), continued many Sumerian cultural traditions, and they still used the Sumerian sign system for the language of religion and the court.

After several hundred years, the Babylonian Empire was destroyed in history’s endless cycle of the rise and fall of civilizations. With the final collapse of the Babylonian Empire, all memory of the Sumerians disappeared. The modern world didn't even know of the Sumerians until the late 19th century A.D., when archaeological expeditions started unearthing thousands of Sumerian tablets. At first the tablets were thought to be Babylonian or Assyrian because no one had ever heard of the Sumerians. Now, after a century of scholarly research, a portrait of the Sumerians has finally emerged from the dim shadows of the ancient past. Their extraordinary civilization has once again been resurrected.

Women In Patriarchal Societies - World history

These civilizations were known as Ancient Egypt, Ancient Sumer and the Babylonians.
The original "Stairway to Heaven". The grand staircase of the great ziggurat at Ur. The temple was dedicated to Nanna, the moon god.

The Sumerians were the most extraordinary people who ever lived on the face of the earth. They seemed to come from out of nowhere, and they single-handedly invented civilization when most of the rest of the world was still living in the Stone Age. What’s more, they did it thousands of years before anyone else. In regard to the Sumerians, you will need to revise your concept of in comparison to the "ancient" Greeks, Romans, and Egyptians. The Sumerian civilization was already ancient when it in 2004 B.C., twenty centuries before Julius Caesar, sixteen centuries before Socrates, and seven centuries before Tutankhamen.

At the dawn of history, the Egyptians were the only people with a civilization comparable to that of the Sumerians (although the Sumerian civilization was much older). There has been some debate on whether they created their civilizations independently or if they cooperated with each other. The historic record seems to indicate that they built their civilizations independently. There is no mention of the Egyptians in the Sumerian archives, or vice-versa, and there is no direct evidence they had a noticeable influence on one another, except for their propensity to build giant pyramids and ziggurats. Though on a modern map they seem to be quite close, they never had any direct contact with each other. Back then, the world
was a much larger place. The only contact between the two great civilizations was through
intermediary traders. (See the page on .)


Free ancient civilizations Essays and Papers - 123HelpMe

Civilizations began to show their face around the area now known as Egypt and some parts of Europe around the Mediterranean.
Sumerian speakers spread down into southern Mesopotamia because they had developed a social organization and a technology that enabled them, through their control of the water, to survive and prosper in a difficult environment where, other than a possible indigenous hunter-gatherer population in the marshlands at the head of the Arabo-Persian Gulf and seasonal pastoralists, they had no competition.

Nearly all modern day inventions have roots dating back to early civilizations, such as Mesopotamia, Egypt, and Rome....
Egypt, as a unified Kingdom, unlike the continuing city states of Sumer, could be focusing its collective efforts on its records and its monuments, as Sumer could not, with the full resources of a large, organized state directed to preserving the past.
The obscurity of early Sumer is compounded by later misconceptions.

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Menes annexed and civilized Crete and extended his rule to the Pillars of Hercules and Britain.

Menes was the son of Sargon (who had a Queen named Lady Ash), or "Sargon the Great" of ancient Mesopotamia and Menes and his dynasty referred to themselves as "Gut"(Goth) (in Indus Valley seals) and "Bar" or "Par"(Pharaoh) (as referred to in Egyptian records).

Menes' Egyptian inscriptions were written in Sumerian script (not the later conventionalized hieroglyphs) and deciphered to match Menes' Mesopotamian and Elam records as well as his official seals in the Indus Valley (where he was a Sumerian governor there until he revolted against his father (Sargon) and annexed Egypt).

The Ancient City of Jericho - World history

Although Mesopotamia and Egypt have some characteristics in common, which bring them under the “First Civilizations” category, their different views and beliefs about divine authority and how it is practiced set these civilizations apart and make them unique....

A brief introduction to the Sumerians - Sumerian …

What is unavoidable is that we have little evidence apart from legend for Sumerian history, despite the archaeological indications that writing may have begun as early as 3400 BC, while in Egypt there are actual tombs for many of the I and II Dynasty Kings, at Saqqara, Abydos, or both.