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  • Consequences: Does the punishment fit the crime? – …

How does Brazilian punishment fit the crime? - CBS News

six principles underlie the Classical approach to crime:

Cesare Beccaria (1738-1794) & Utilitarianism

Explaining rates more often takes into consideration factors external to the individual actor
, as used here, consists of the basic of society, especially the economy, but also such institutions as the family, education, and politics, all of which are responsible for distributing to the legitimate means for obtaining goals.

Punishment should be "swift and certain“

The basic thesis of strain theory is this: Crime stems from the lack of articulation or “fit” between two of the most basic components of society: and


The purpose of the criminal justice system is to crime through .

Thus there must be something about the themselves, perhaps something about the rather than the people per se that produces and perpetuates high crime rates

One of the key ideas of the social ecology of crime is the fact that high rates of crime and other problems persist within the same neighborhoods over long periods of time

Free will – does such a thing exist?

Studies of the rates of crime and delinquency, especially by sociologists Henry Shaw and David McKay in Chicago, demonstrated that over an extended period of time, the highest rates were found within the first three zones These high rates were strongly correlated with such social problems as mental illness, unemployment, poverty, infant mortality, and many others

Everything has a cause – the world would not exist without causes

Crime stems from certain community or neighborhood characteristics, such as poverty, dilapidated housing, high density, high mobility, and high rates of unemployment.

People often fail to examine causes when it comes to crime

According to the Concentric Zone view, this is caused by a breakdown of institutional, community-based controls, which in turn is caused by three general factors: industrialization, urbanization, and immigration.

Police seek causes of a homicide all the time

What is interesting is that a researcher came to the conclusion that the characteristics associated with this personality type fit the modern American corporation!

See discussion of “Dr Laura” on p. 188

People living within these areas often lack a sense of community because the local institutions (e.g., schools, families, and churches) are not strong enough to provide nurturing and guidance for the area’s children.

The Crime Control and Due Process Models

Although it has never been proven that various kinds of mental illnesses “cause” crime, it is nevertheless true that a large proportion of inmates (as many as 1/3) have suffered from one or more symptoms of various mental diseases.