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Introduction to Modern Humanism, part 3: Renaissance Precursors

The Renaissance was a time of art, open ideas, and new beginnings.

Medieval and Renaissance Humanism | Brill

The greatest draughtsman, watercolourist and graphic artist of the Renaissance movement in Germany.
With an eye to his own times Baron wished to see the autonomoushumanity he perceived emerging in quattrocento Florence integratedwithin a constitutional frame and anchored by patriotic attachment tothe community. Baron's vast and only partly realized program toestablish the Italian humanist tradition as a major source ofmodernity was deliberately juxtaposed to yet another tendency inGerman scholarship that sought the roots of modernity andmodernization in Protestantism. Baron's emphasis on Florence was meantto counterbalance the ‘northern’ perspective of scholarssuch as Max Weber, Werner Sombart, and Baron's own mentor ErnstTroeltsch each of whom, in his different way, linked Protestantism andcapitalism and saw the soul-searching subjectivity of Calvinistinspiration as a decisive moment in the genesis of modernindividualism. Baron's historical project was inscribed in hisadvocacy for constitutional democracy in the Weimar republic on theWest European and American model, opposed to romanticnativist-Germanic notions that were in the ascendancy in the Germanyof his time. Baron's political orientation was, nonetheless, rootedin the German intellectual tradition. The polities he posits asexemplary are not conceived as formal frames of individual life goals,but textured wholes into which human autonomy is woven, thisfabric Sittlichkeit, being the moral-cultural substancepostulated by German idealism. If one accepts this nexus of publicsolidarity as an equivalent of civil society it should be evident whyBaron's thesis would appeal to English-speaking communitarians.

Renaissance Humanism Flashcards | Quizlet

Machiavelli’s writings during the Renaissance were also affected by the ideas of humanism.
Humanism in Rome differed from Florentine humanism. The pope was an elected monarch who, with the aid of the Roman Curia, governed both an international church and the Papal States in central Italy. The humanists were clergymen rather than heads of families and civic office holders. Hence, Roman humanism did not celebrate republicanism or duties to family. Rather, Roman humanists, most of whom were born elsewhere and moved to Rome, emphasized the links between imperial Rome and the papacy, between the ancient city and Renaissance Rome. Historical research since the late 20th century demonstrates that Roman humanism was just as intellectually rich as that of Florence, but distinct. is fundamental, while and deal with preaching at the papal court. and offer more-general surveys, while translates an interesting text.


Humanism and the Renaissance - YouTube

However, during the Renaissance, individual ideas about humanism differed.
Leonardo da Vinci, possibly one of the greatest painters in the world, was born in Florence and lived his adulthood in Florence, the essence and heart of the Italian Renaissance.

Seigel, Jerrold E. Rhetoric and Philosophy in Renaissance Humanism: The Union of Eloquence and Wisdom, Petrarch to Valla. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1968. DOI:

Renaissance- Humanism Flashcards | Quizlet

The changes that happened throughout culture, religion, ideology, and government ultimately led the people of the Renaissance Era to express their skills in architecture, sciences, arts, and etc....

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Articles by ten scholars, most of them critical of Baron’s conception of civic humanism, often on the grounds that medieval scholars voiced ideas of republican liberty earlier, and that 1402 was not as decisive a turning point as Baron posited.

Free renaissance humanism papers, essays, and research papers.

Witt, Ronald, John N. Najemy, Craig Kallendorf, and Werner Gundersheimer. “Special Section: AHR Forum: Hans Baron’s Renaissance Humanism.” American Historical Review 101.1 (1996): 101–144. DOI:

Renaissance and Humanism | Nilufer Ayhan - …

The three major factors of the Renaissance that were different from the middle ages were Humanism, improvements in discovery, and the Reformation of the Church....


Four distinguished historians assess Baron’s view of Petrarch, humanism, and Machiavelli. While noting some criticisms, they accept his view about the importance of Florentine civic humanism and its links to republicanism.