• in Avestan, Pahlavi, Farsi and
  • (7.5) The Faravahar - the Zoroastrian winged disc
  • The Origins and History of Zoroastrianism - …

Even within specific religions, there are sects, or denominations, that may have some different core beliefs.

Says James Darmesteter, the translator of the Zend-Avesta:

The two earliest examples are Zoroastrianism and Hinduism.

It was founded by the Prophet Zoroaster in ancient Iran approximately 3500 years ago.
6:7 And YHWH said: 'I will blot out man whom I have created from the face of the earth; both man, and beast, and creeping thing, and fowl of the air; for it repenteth Me that I have made them.'

They believe in Zoroastrianism while most Bombayites are Hindus.

At the same time Zoroaster born in a family of father name Pourushaspa and mother name Dughdova....
{p. 31} (Divine) Righteousness; (yea, He so chose) who clothes uponHimself the firm stones of heaven (as His robe). And He chose likewisethem who content Ahura with actions, which (are performed) really in accordancewith the faith.


Zoroastrianism believed in God and the life after death .

In Zoroastrianism the good god is Ahura Mazda with the evil god being Angra Mainyu (Oxtoby, 5).
Zoroaster was born in Northeast Iran or Southwest Afghanistan. He was born into a Bronze Age culture with a polytheistic religion (the worship of many gods), which included animal sacrifice and the ritual use of intoxicants. This religion was quite similar to the of the Indus Valley.

The Zoroastrian cosmogony is based on the belief that God fashioned and shaped the world in which we live as a conscious choice. However it is not the only world that He brought into existence. Before he shaped our material world, He created an invisible, spiritual realm, which He populated with spiritual entities from His own light. He created lords or ahuras, archangels or Amesha Spentas, guardian angels and other yazatas or luminaries. He made sure that evil would not be able to enter this world. It is a world of million suns where darkness has no place to hide. He also sanctified it with His holy order or Asha by establishing perfect harmony and division of powers among its constituents. The beings of the spiritual realm personify His qualities and serve as ideals of Truth and righteousness for others to follow.

is currently the seniormost Zoroastrian priest in India.

The Umayyads completed the Arab conquest of Iran. Yazid-ibn-Mohalleb, a Umayyad general lead an expedition to subdue the province of Mazandaran. As the Arabs won battle after battle, the general ordered that all captives to be hanged on both sides of the road leading to its capital. When the provincial capital was subdued, he took 6,000 of its Zoroastrian residents as slaves and ordered the massacre of the remaining 12,000 residents. In Gorgan, he ordered that the watermills be run for three days by draining the blood of its victims. He is reputed to have mixed the bread flour produced with the blood of his victims, feeding the bread to his army and partaking of the meal himself.

The Umayyads made Arabic the official language of of Iran, and while the newly converted Iranians accepted the new language as their own and adopting the Arab culture while being ashamed of their own, the Zoroastrians despised Arabic as the language of their Muslim conquerors. This in turn meant that the Zoroastrians were excluded from all government positions. The language issue became redundant since in 741 CE, the Umayyads decreed that all non-Muslims would be excluded from governmental positions.

The weight of religious oppression increased steadily and an Arab governor appointed a commissioner to supervise the destruction of fire temples throughout Iran, regardless of treaty and other agreements. One of the Umayyad Caliphs was quoted saying, "Milk the Persians and once their milk dries, suck their blood."

NOTE QUESTIONS from any of the readings: I don’t have any questions.

Zoroaster's birth and early life are little documented. What is known is recorded in the Gathas - the core of the Avesta, which contains hymns thought to be composed by Zoroaster himself. Born into the Spitama clan, he worked as a priest. He was a family man, with a wife, three sons and three daughters.

(5) Norman Cohn,, Yale University Press, New Haven 1995

Dr. Cyrus Parham, in an article published in 1999 in , vol.16, no. 4, 1378, Tehran, states "We have a multitude of outstanding examples of this motif in the pre-Islamic and Post-Islamic Iranian arts. We find the first manifestations of this ancient motif in Scythian and Achaemenid art, mainly portrayed as the wings of Homa or Senmurv (Simorgh?), and which lasted in the same manner till the Sassanian period (PL.1a)." Regrettably, we cannot locate the Achaemenid and Scythian examples or images cited by Dr. Parham.

Thanks to the dry climate and sandy subsoil of Egypt, fabric could survive for longer periods than in many other regions. It is in Egypt that we find the earliest known samples of silk garments fragments embellished with what appears to be a predecessor of the boteh motif. The fragments date from the 6th-8th centuries CE and discovered in Akhmim a city of Upper Egypt. During the 6th to 8th centuries BCE, Akhmim (also spelt Achmim or Akhmin) a city situated on the banks of the Nile in Upper Egypt, was within the Greek sphere of influence and its Hellenized name was Panopolis, Khemmis or Chemmis. The motif found on the Akhmim fabrics is not found elsewhere in Egypt. For a brief period, Akhmim was under Sassanian control and has on and off been part of the Persian empire since the reign of . In all likelihood, Akhmim was at the western end of the Aryan trade roads, the Silk Roads.

The silk fragments discovered in Akhmim's cemeteries at the end of the 19th century CE, are parts of clothing called the paragauda, the border of women's tunics, and the clavus, the paragauda's circular decoration. The word paragauda appears to have Indo-Iranian origins.

The Akhmim motifs appear to be stylized oversized leaves or fruit attached to a tree or vine. The design elements that are consistent with later (unattached) boteh are the pointed dropping tips (aith at times a sprayed tip), and the border around the motif encasing an internal design.