• Phobias: Specific Phobias Types and Symptoms - WebMD
  • The Phobia List

A phobia is a type of anxiety disorder that describes an excessive and irrational fear of a specific object, activity, or situation

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 They also want to explore whether similar effects can be seen in the genes of humans.
Fear" border="2" width="109" height="144" align="left">Psychiatry identifies three different categories of phobias (DSM-IV,1994):Agoraphobia
(with panic attacks): 300.21
(without panic attacks): 300.01
Irrational anxiety about being in places from which escape might be difficult or embarrassing.

Social phobia: 300.23
Irrational anxiety elicited by exposure to certain types of social or performance situations, also leading to avoidance behavior.Specific phobia: 300.29
Persistent and irrational fear in the presence of some specific stimulus which commonly elicits avoidance of that stimulus, i.e., withdrawal.
SUBTYPES: By definition, phobias are IRRATIONAL, meaning that they interfere with one's everyday life or daily routine.

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If your fears keep you from enjoying life or even preoccupy your thinking so that you are unable to work, or sleep, or do the things you wish to do, then it becomes irrational.One key to diagnosing a phobic disorder is that the fear must be excessive and disproportionate to the situation.

Lightning is unpredictable and uncontrollable.

Most people who fear heights would not avoid visiting a friend who lived on the top floor of a tall building; a person with a phobia of heights would, however.

Preliminary findings of psychiatric disturbances and trait.

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Nance (Eds.) Twin research (Vol.

He said: "These types of results are encouraging as they suggest that transgenerational inheritance exists and is mediated by epigenetics, but more careful mechanistic study of animal models is needed before extrapolating such findings to humans.”

The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 179, 19-28.

A., 1997)The Freudians speculate that as young children agoraphobics may have feared abandonment by a cold or nonnurturing mother and the fear has generalized to a fear of abandonment or helplessness.

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Other research (Ost & Hugdahl, 1981) suggests that almost half of all people with phobias have never had a painful experience with the object they fear.

Behaviour Research & Therapy, 20, 437-443.

For millions of years people who quickly learned to avoid snakes, heights, and lightning probably have had a good chance to survive and to transmit their genes.