• Phylum - Wikipedia
  • Phylum | Definition of Phylum by Merriam-Webster
  • Phylum Arthropoda - definition of phylum Arthropoda …

This phylum contains creatures such as insects, arachnids, crustaceans (crabs, lobsters,

Phylum Arthropoda: Features and Classification (With Diagram)

Phylum Arthropoda - Auburn University

Edgecombe, G. D. (ed.) 1998. Arthropod fossils and phylogeny. Columbia University Press, New York.
Negrisolo, E., A. Minelli, and G. Valle. 2004. The mitochondrial genome of the house centipede Scutigera and the monophyly versus paraphyly of myriapods. Molecular Biology and Evolution 21:770-780.

What does phylum Arthropoda mean

Chen, J. C., L. Ramsköld, and G. Zhou. 1994. Evidence for monophyly and arthropod affinity of cambrian giant predators. Science 263:1304-1308.
Regier, J. C. and J. W. Shultz. 1997. Molecular phylogeny of the major arthropod groups indicates polyphyly of crustaceans and a new hypothesis for the origin of hexapods. Molecular Biology and Evolution 14:902-913.


Insects & other Arthropods - Classification of Arthropods

Giribet G., G. D. Edgecombe, and W. C. Wheeler. 2001. Arthropod phylogeny based on eight molecular loci and morphology. Nature 413:157-161.
Regier, J. C. and J. W. Shultz. 2001. A phylogenetic analysis of Myriapoda (Arthropoda) using two nuclear protein-encoding genes. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 132:469-486.

Akam, M. 2000. Arthropods: Developmental diversity within a (super) phylum. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA) 97:4438-4441.
Garcia-Machado, E., M. Pempera, N. Dennebouy, M. Oliva-Suarez, J. C. Mounolou, and M. Monnerot. 1999. Mitochondrial genes collectively suggest the paraphyly of crustacea with respect to insecta. Journal of Molecular Evolution 49:142-149.

Superphylum Ecdysozoa | Boundless Biology

Friedrich, M. and D. Tautz. 2001. Arthropod rDNA phylogeny revisited: a consistency analysis using Monte Carlo simulations. Pages 21-40 in Origin of the Hexapoda. T. Deuve, ed. Annales de la Société entomologique de France 37.

Phylum: Arthropoda: Subphylum: ..

Giribet, G. and C. Ribera. 1998. The position of arthropods in the animal kingdom: A search for a reliable outgroup for internal arthropod phylogeny. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 9:481-488.

Phylum: Arthropods, Class: Insecta - Animal Biology …

Giribet G. and C. Ribera. 2000. A review of arthropod phylogeny: New data based on ribosomal DNA sequences and direct character optimization. Cladistics 16:204-231.

Phylogeny of the Annelida and allies

There are two or three subphyla comprised of a number of subgroups: Pycnogonida, Chelicerata (Xiphosura + Arachnida), and Mandibulata (Crustacea + Tracheata (= Hexapoda + Myriapoda)).

Phylum Arthropoda - Rutgers University

Hassanin, A. 2006. Phylogeny of Arthropoda inferred from mitochondrial sequences: Strategies for limiting the misleading effects of multiple changes in pattern and rates of substitution. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 38(1):100-116.

Phylum Arthropoda - Virtual Fossil Museum

Hwang, U. W., M. Friedrich, D. Tautz, C. J. Park, and W. Kim. 2001. Mitochondrial protein phylogeny joins myriapods with chelicerates. Nature 413:154-157.