• Ancient Roman architecture - Wikipedia
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Except in direction, that of monumental architecture and structural engineering, Rome produced very little distinctive creative art.

This is the supreme architectural memorial of the Roman Empire.

Roman Architecture: Characteristics, Building Techniques

Roman architecture has become world renound for it's beauty and how long it has lasted.
These included: The Greek Revival (American followers included Jefferson and Latrobe); the Gothic Revival - led by in France; American followers included (1802-78) and (1818-95); a Neo-Romanesque Revival (1849-1880), led by Henry Hobson Richardson; Beaux-Arts architecture - a fusion of neo-Renaissance and neo-Baroque forms, practiced by (1827-95) - best known for designing the plinth of the (1870-86) - and by the Ohio-born (1859-1934); and the Second Empire style (1850-80) in France, which was characterized by a revival of the Mansard Roof.

Roman architecture (article) | Ancient Rome | Khan Academy

Roman Architecture was sometimes based on the requirements of Roman Religion.
Of all the achievements of Roman architecture, two are of particular note: their use of arches and domes such as that of the Pantheon coupled with the more common columns. Coupled with a very advanced knowledge of the structural behavior of materials the Romans made enormous steps in construction techniques which remained unequaled for over a thousand five hundred years, if not more


20/02/2018 · Roman Architecture from Yale University

We can thank the dome and arch for the modern influence of Roman Architecture on today's society.
Roman consciousness was pragmatic and utilitarian and so was their conception of building and architecture. Even their greatest buildings, including the Triumphal Arch, served as uplifting propaganda in the face of a failing economy and increasingly demoralised population.

Clearly, the Romans were excellent engineers and this allowed enormous freedom to architecture. Destructive fires in the city pushed innovations such as the use of pozzolanic concrete. Concrete not only allowed fire-prone materials to be eliminated but its greater strength permitted the construction of enormous structures which until then had been impossible to conceive. The enormous, single-span, dome of the Pantheon is one such example.

Ancient Roman Architecture in the Great Buildings Online.

The Roman’s same consciousness of the individual and his personal freedom expressed itself through law and the state. It is not surprising therefore that the art and architecture expressed these ideals through luxurious temples, baths, amphitheaters, and circuses.

Romanesque architecture - Wikipedia

The Domus Aurea also gives us an interesting parallel with the architects and buildings of later periods. For example it is interesting to note how the Romans enjoyed using false structural features to aesthetic ends like building false vaults into their ceilings. These could be plastered and painted as in the Domus Aurea but in fact they performed no real weight-bearing function. There is merely a space between them and the beams of the floor above, which at best provided the function of improved insulation and sound proofing. I find an interesting similarity and counterpoise to this in the Gothic aesthetic trick of accentuating the structural ribs of churches in order to render a stronger sensation of height rather than to actually perform a structural function.

Art & Architecture - Ancient Rome for Kids

The most recognizable Roman architecture examples would be their Public Buildings Colosseum Built in the center of Rome, the Colosseum was a symbol of the wealth, power and strength of the Roman Empire.

Ancient Roman Architecture - Roman Colosseum

Likewise in ancient Roman painting applied to architecture we find a range of solutions subdivided into the well known 4 styles of Roman painting which show a continued preoccupation with the wall as a surface which can either act as limit and support or as something to be broken down through illusionary space to be viewed from different positions as one moves around the architecture (eg Piazza Armerina villa). Recognition of the surface brought manipulation of flat colour as a vehicle for conveying space (rather like a Mondrian painting) or by neutralising colour and overlaying images of imaginary creatures: later known as “grotesque” because of the findings in Nero’s Domus Aurea which when found was more like a series of underground grottos.