• The bull Taurus isthe second sign of the Zodiac.
  • It is also the symbol of Mexico.
  • It is a symbol of victory of life over death.

It is a symbol of insecurity and doubt about one'sown role in life as well as immodesty.

In christian iconology, the boar is a symbol of Christ.

AD illustration of the evangelist Mark and his symbol, from

Fightingand winning a battle with a bear denotes the triumph of Christ over the devil.
But again, those three living creatures, whether lion, man, or calf, have their course upon this earth; and in like manner, those three evangelists occupy themselves chiefly with the things which Christ did in the flesh, and with the precepts which He delivered to men, who also bear the burden of the flesh, for their instruction in the rightful exercise of this mortal life.

AD illustration of the evangelist Matthew and his symbol, from

In China, the bear symbolizes strength, Dreaming of a bear sometimes foretellsthe birth of a son.
Machaut is frequently portrayed today as an composer, especially because of his position with regard to theearly Ars Nova (a new, more detailed rhythmic notation), but onemust also emphasize the masterful continuity with which he employedestablished forms. While using the same basic formats, he madesubtle changes to meter and rhyme scheme, allowing for more personaltouches and a more dramatic presentation. Indeed, Machaut's poetryis one of the most impressive French outputs of the medieval era,serving as an example even for Chaucer. The theme of courtly lovedominates his writing, becoming heavily symbolized in the guisesof such characters as Fortune & Love, and the personal dramasin which they act. Machaut's poetic output, and by extension thesubset of texts he chose to set to music, is both personal andritualized, lending it a timeless quality. Some of the love themesdate to Ovid and beyond, from whom they had been elaborated firstby the troubadours of Provence and then by the northern trouvères,and so it is truly a classical tradition to which Machaut belongs.


AD illustration of the evangelist Luke and his symbol, from

In China, the butterfly symbolizes longlife and beauty.
Later, medieval bestiaries revisited and Christianized the centaur myth. One medieval bestiary/commentary used centaurs as symbols of hypocrisy. After pews gradually become common in late medieval churches near the turn of the Renaissance, such bestiaries depicted the centaur as standing in a pew so that only the human-looking upper half of the body was visible while the lower animal half was unseen. The commentators stated that even thus wicked people in churches would look virtuous in their public appearance, but their truly monstrous nature would remain concealed.

The fourth sign of the Zodiac, (June 23to July 22) Cancer is a water sign, and 'feminine'.
The frog croaking in the mud for sheer joy is croaking a hymn of praise toGod for the simple gift of life and is a lesson for humanity.

Pisces is the last sign of theZodiac.

It can mean an 'inner' initiation, such as the descent of the Holy Ghostas in Matthew 3::16 when Jesus Christ was baptized In the Bible, thedove was used to symbolize the end of the Flood, and represents the HolySpirit.

He has most of the devils physical traits.

Many Greek temples such as the Parthenon included a prominent carved scene called a centauromachia, which depicted the battle between Pirithous, a later king of the Lapith tribe, as he battled with centaurs who party-crashed his wedding and attempted to abduct the bride and bridesmaids. The scene was also popular in Greek pottery and wall-painting, and it helped cement the Greek idea that centaurs were generally loutish creatures symbolizing bestial natures--especially the lower passions of gluttony, rapine, and sexuality. Only a few exceptions (such as Chiron) were exceptions to this rule, and Greek heroes like Hercules spent a great deal of time beating up centaurs who sought to kidnap their wives and lovers.

It is asymbol of Christ on the mount of olives.

CATCH: A lyric poem or song meant to be sung as a round, with the words arranged in each line so that the audience will hear a hidden (often humorous or ribald) message as the groups of singers sing their separate lyrics and space out the wording of the poem. For example, one might write a song in which the first line contained the words "up," the word "look" appears in the middle of the third line, the word "dress" appears in the second line, and the word "her" appears in the middle of the fourth line. When the song or poem is sung as a round by four groups of singers, the word order and timing is arranged so that the singers create the hidden phrase "look up her dress" as they sing, to the amusement of the audience as they listen to an otherwise innocent set of lyrics. Robert Herrick's "To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time" is an example of a catch, and when William Lawes adapted the poem to music for Milton's masque Comus, it became one of the most popular drinking songs of the 1600s (Damrosche 844-45).

Luke, that many had taken in hand to write the life of Christ.

For, since there are four zones of the world in which we live, and four principal winds, while the Church is scattered throughout all the world, and the "pillar and ground" of the Church is the Gospel and the spirit of life; it is fitting that she should have four pillars, breathing out immortality on every side, and vivifying men afresh.