• The Great Crusades
  • The Crusades - World history
  • The Early Middle Ages | The Great Crusades

The crusades were a number of military campaigns fought from 1095 to 1291, there were nine crusades in total.

Crusades, jihads and great holy wars - Crusader Kings II …

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In the end the Crusades did not have a clear victor, but influenced our world today greatly.
The church became more centralized and stronger from a reform movement to end the practice whereby kings installed important clergy, such as bishops, in office. Thus for the first time in many years, the popes were able to effectively unite European popular support behind them, a factor that contributed greatly to the popular appeal of the first Crusades.

Never Go Home - Great Crusades - AllMusic

The crusades (the Holy wars) were indirectly one of the most important factors in the history of the modernisation of European civilisation .
Most significantly, the Crusades increased and encouraged conflict between religious groups, caused the deaths of thousands of people, and added a moral aspect to, along with the justification of, war....

 

Great Crusades, The - Until The Night Turned To Day …


The Crusades strongly affected the imagination and aspirations of people at the time, and to this day they are among the most famous chapters of medieval history.


The Crusades brought many great things that ultimately impacted history in the middle ages because of its religious expansion, military conquest and trying to overthrow the muslims, and finally resorted to looting and stealing throughout their conquest....


The Real History of the Crusades | Christianity Today

The Crusades were great military missions embarked on by the Christian nations of Europe for the purpose of rescuing the Jerusalem and the Holy Land from the hands of the Moslems....

Alexander the Great and the Crusades? | Yahoo Answers

One of the most tragic events in Christianity was the Schism of 1054 that split the Catholic Church in Rome and the Byzantine Orthodox Church in Constantinople. 12 The language of Rome was Latin, but that of Constantinople Greek. The difference in perception of Church authority between the East and West produced the conflict over the addition of the word ("and the Son") to the Nicene Creed by the Roman Catholic Church. The Eastern Orthodox Churches claim that the Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed "is the common possession of the whole church and that any change must be done by an ecumenical Council." The Schism became symbolic for the distrust and strain between East and West that developed through the centuries. 13

A new wave of Muslim aggression by the Seljuk Turks led to Christian persecution in the Holy Land and the invasion of the Byzantine Empire. Matthew of Edessa reported the slaughter of Armenian Christians and the defeat of the Byzantines at the decisive Battle of Manzikert in 1071, which gave the Seljuk Turks possession of Asia Minor. 14 The capture of Nicaea in 1081 and Antioch in 1085, and the persecution of Christians in the East heightened during Seljuk Turkish rule. A number of Eastern Christian Churches were destroyed. Under Sharia law, Christian Churches were not allowed to be repaired or new Churches to be built, and Eastern Christians were restricted in the practice of their faith.

The Muslim chronicler al-Azimi of Aleppo, Syria reported that in the years 1093-1094 "the people of the Syrian ports prevented Frankish and Byzantine pilgrims from crossing to Jerusalem. Those of them who survived spread the news about that to their country. So they prepared themselves for military invasion." The Syrian writer al-Azimi obviously believed that the Muslim attacks on the pilgrims triggered the crusades.15

Constantinople was vulnerable and pilgrimages to Jerusalem virtually ended. This led Byzantine Emperor Alexius I Comnenus to appeal to Pope Urban II for help. The Emperor sent his emissaries to the Pope's Council of Piacenza in the March of 1095, with a request for knights to protect the East. Pope Urban II saw the request by the Byzantine Emperor Alexius I Comnenus as an opportunity to improve relations between East and West by defending suffering Christians and the Churches of the East.16

The Crusades - World History International: World …

As a Crusade historian, I found the tranquil solitude of the ivory tower shattered by journalists, editors, and talk-show hosts on tight deadlines eager to get the real scoop. What were the Crusades?, they asked. When were they? Just how insensitive was President George W. Bush for using the word crusade in his remarks? With a few of my callers I had the distinct impression that they already knew the answers to their questions, or at least thought they did. What they really wanted was an expert to say it all back to them. For example, I was frequently asked to comment on the fact that the Islamic world has a just grievance against the West. Doesn't the present violence, they persisted, have its roots in the Crusades' brutal and unprovoked attacks against a sophisticated and tolerant Muslim world? In other words, aren't the Crusades really to blame?